Long before the invention of wifi and the frappuccino, the coffee shop established itself as the place to meet and swap ideas, strike deals and exchange business. It’s moved on significantly since its inception in the 16th century, but to date, the coffee shop remains a curious intersection of work and social space.
It was the financial crisis of the late 2000s that took coffee shop culture and turned it on its head, as a wave of freelancers and start-ups looked for flexible work spaces to house their fledgling businesses. Fed on a diet of caffeine, free wifi and social-interaction, the co-working space was born.
There are now 600,000 more micro-businesses than in 2008 in the UK alone; companies too big for the coffee table but too small for conventional corporate spaces. Co-working offices have become the favoured solution for millions of entrepreneurs across the globe. Popular in the US – where the term was coined by Brad Neufeld in 2005 – London, Berlin, and Tel Aviv, the co-working trend is gathering pace and setting new real estate agendas.
Here, we dissect the anatomy of co-working culture.
Designed to work
Cubicles and corridors are a thing of the past. Step inside London’s Second Home, for example, and there’s barely a wall in sight. Instead, sweeping acrylic curves define workspaces, giving way to ‘roaming zones’ – shared spaces that foster interaction.
‘We believe in something simple,’ says Second Home co-founder, Rohan Silva. ‘Good things happen when people and businesses collide.’ To mastermind this collision, Second Home enlisted Spanish practice SeglasCano – designers of this year’s Serpentine Pavilion – who created fluid and flexible spaces, brought to life with over 1000 plants.
‘Home’ was a canny choice of name by Silva and co. Today’s best co-working spaces are conceived as just that – places people would happily live in. And it’s the little touches of domesticity that make the difference, from international group WeWork’s pro-pet policy to UK outfit The Office Group’s carefully curated library of coffee table tomes.
Shared work spaces have moved on from the ‘office-as-a-playpen’ mentality that triggered kitsch HQs for the likes of Innocent, Coca Cola and Google in the noughties. These are sophisticated spaces that boost well-being – and that you would proudly call home.
No where is this more evident than at private work collective, NeueHouse. Its designer, David Rockwell says their New York space echoes the experience of a fine hotel, and ‘privileges spontaneity and movement’. The group will soon open an outpost in LA’s historic Columbia Square CBS Radio Building, and a 66,000 sq ft space in The Adelphi Building just off London’s Strand in early 2016.
Co-working spaces are as much about leisure-time as they are about hard graft: ‘We’re spending longer at work than ever before,’ says architect Oliver Marlow of Studio Tilt, designer of interiors for Club Workspace. ‘These spaces need to satisfy the range of needs of the people occupying them.’
Cafes, bars and restaurants (often helmed by top chefs) are now regularly on the menu at the best co-working spaces. ‘Fundamentally, we believe we’re in the hospitality industry,’ says The Office Group’s co-founder Charlie Green. ‘That’s about creating the right environment and, once people are in it, looking after them’.
Gigs, events, exhibitions and talk programmes are also staples of the co-working hub. NeueHouse even offers meditation rooms and yoga classes to soothe members’ chakras.
Networking made easy
‘Curation’ is a big part of the co-working game, with brands like WeWork filling their spaces with like-minded businesses. Networking opportunities are therefore rife. ‘Our members range from startups and freelancers, to small businesses and large multinationals,’ says WeWork co-founder Miguel Mckelvey. ‘By being part of our global community, members are able to connect with others who share an entrepreneurial spirit.’
Adds Charlie Green of The Office Group: ‘You might be looking for an accountant or a lawyer, an app builder or a coder – we can make those introductions, not for commission or revenue, but because we know this is a compelling reason people want to come to our buildings.’
Often these spaces are geared to a particular industry, such as the Traveltech Lab from London & Partners and The Trampery, which creates a rich knowledge pool for young businesses. And co-working giants now offer an arsenal of intranets and networking apps to join the dots further still.
How important is location?
In London, for example, shared office spaces naturally began springing up around Tech City in Old Street, as well as commuter hot-spots like London Bridge, drawn by proximity to established businesses and transport interchanges. But, with co-working spaces now offering their own mini ecosystems, they can sustain themselves as micro economies in less obvious locales.
‘We’re seeing people wanting to push out into areas that, previously, you wouldn’t even want to go,’ says Green. Co-working hubs can thrive before infrastructure arrives on site, helping to attract other businesses to an area and increase its desirability.
London’s Queen Elizabeth II Park is a case in point. Here, the influx of co-working clubs are accelerating its post-Olympic maturation, creating fresh village communities. ‘It’s the clearest change we’ve seen in the last twelve years, this desire for community. People will travel for it,’ Green explains.
Over in Detroit, co-working ventures could be the key to kickstarting the city’s flat economy: ‘Five years ago there were few if any co-working space at all,’ says Amanda Lewan, co-founder of Bamboo Detroit space. ‘Today we estimate 12 or 13 within Detroit city limits, and more in the metro Detroit area.’ Stocked with tech-startups and young entrepreneurs, they’re drawing young professionals back to the city while carving out a space for new industries in Motor City.
Hotels as hubs
Hotels are now getting in on the co-working game, offering informal spaces for collaboration. US group Ace Hotel raised the stakes with its Shoreditch outpost, with desk spaces on the ground floor that quickly became a magnet for East London media types. It’s a formula they will repeat in their Pittsburg hotel, opening in late 2015.
Soho House Berlin, meanwhile, is pioneering a new co-working space inside its retail concept, The Store. Working between the formal co-working model and the more ‘spontaneous’ form fostered by Ace, Creative Director Alex Eagle explains ‘Co-working has been at the core of The Store’s DNA since its inception. We wanted to create a calming but inspiring environment that feels akin to working from a home loft.’
Going to work never seemed so appealing.